as social beings, the path to happiness for humans is found in accepting this moment as it presents itself, by not allowing ourselves to be controlled by our desire for pleasure or our fear of pain, by using our minds to understand the world around us and to do our part in nature’s plan, and by working together and treating others fairly and justly.

Zeno of Citium c. 334 – c. 262 BC, 72

Socrates (/ˈsɒkrətiːz/ c.470 – 399 BC, 71

Heraclitus of Ephesus (/ˌhɛrəˈklaɪtəs/ c.535 – c. 475 BC, 60

Plato (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/ 428/427 or 424/423[b] – 348/347 BC), 80

Aristotle (/ˈærɪˌstɒtəl/ 384–322 BC, 62

Marcus Aurelius (/ɔːˈriːliəs/; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD, 59

Seneca the Younger (c. 4 BC – AD 65), 68

Epictetus (/ˌɛpɪkˈtiːtəs/ c. 55 – 135 AD 80

Modern Stoicism

Philippa Ruth Foot, FBA (/ˈfɪlɪpə ˈfʊt/; née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – 3 October 2010) , 90

Alasdair Chalmers MacIntyre (/ˈæləstər/; born 12 January 1929) is a Scottish philosopher

Martha Craven Nussbaum (/ˈnʊsbɔːm/; born May 6, 1947) is an American philosopher

Victor Frankl

Lawrence C. Becker (born 1939) is an American philosopher

One of the key sites is the Modern Stoicism website, which harbors the Stoicism Today blog and hosts the Annual Stoic Week (online) and Stoicon (offline) events.[10] Another important place is the New Stoa, which was founded in May 1996 and is arguably the first lasting stoic community on the internet. Three key podcasts talking about Stoicism applied to modern thought are the Stoic Solutions Podcast hosted by Justin Vacula[11], The Practical Stoic Podcast hosted by Simon Drew [12] and Steve Karafit’s The Sunday Stoic [13]


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